Can Coughing Cause Miscarriage?

Coughing itself is generally not a direct cause of miscarriage. Miscarriages, also known as pregnancy losses, are more commonly attributed to various other factors, such as genetic abnormalities in the fetus, hormonal imbalances, structural issues in the uterus, infections, chronic medical conditions, and maternal age, among others.

However, severe and persistent coughing could potentially lead to complications in pregnancy, which might indirectly increase the risk of pregnancy loss in some cases. These complications might include:

  • Abdominal Strain: Repeated and forceful coughing could cause strain on the abdominal muscles and, in some cases, discomfort or pain. While this is unlikely to directly cause a miscarriage, it could potentially lead to stress or discomfort during pregnancy.
  • Decreased Oxygen Levels: Severe coughing fits can briefly reduce oxygen levels in the body. Prolonged or severe oxygen deprivation can be harmful to both the pregnant person and the fetus. It’s important to manage coughing and respiratory issues to ensure adequate oxygen supply to the developing baby.
  • Dehydration and Weakened Immune System: If coughing is accompanied by vomiting, it could lead to dehydration, which is generally not conducive to a healthy pregnancy. Additionally, chronic illness or respiratory infections that cause coughing might weaken the immune system, making the pregnant person more susceptible to complications.
  • Medications: Some medications commonly used to treat coughs and respiratory illnesses may not be safe during pregnancy. It’s essential for pregnant individuals to consult with their healthcare provider before taking any over-the-counter or prescription medications.

If you are pregnant and experiencing severe or persistent coughing, it’s important to consult with your healthcare provider. They can assess your condition, provide guidance on safe treatments or remedies for your cough, and monitor your pregnancy to ensure the health and well-being of both you and your baby. In many cases, there are safe and effective treatments available to manage coughing and related symptoms during pregnancy.