Can Food Allergies Cause Migraines?

Migraine headache in women

Yes, food allergies can potentially trigger migraines in some individuals. Certain foods or ingredients can act as migraine triggers for susceptible individuals who have food sensitivities or allergies. Histamine, tyramine, and other substances found in various foods are known to trigger migraines in some people.

Common food triggers for migraines include:

  • Histamine-containing foods: Histamine is found in certain foods like aged cheeses, fermented foods, and alcoholic beverages. Histamine intolerance or sensitivity to histamine-rich foods can sometimes lead to migraines.
  • Tyramine-containing foods: Tyramine is present in foods like aged cheese, cured meats, soy products, and certain types of beans. Tyramine sensitivity can trigger migraines in some individuals.
  • Food additives: Substances like monosodium glutamate (MSG), commonly found in some processed foods, and artificial sweeteners like aspartame have been reported as migraine triggers for some people.

Identifying specific food triggers can be challenging as triggers vary from person to person. Keeping a food diary or undergoing an elimination diet under the guidance of a healthcare professional can help identify and manage food-related migraine triggers.

If someone suspects that food allergies or sensitivities are contributing to their migraines, it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare provider or allergist for proper evaluation, diagnosis, and guidance on managing dietary triggers to help prevent migraines.