Can Kidney Stones Cause Kidney Failure?

Yes, in some cases, kidney stones can cause kidney failure, although it is relatively rare. Kidney stones are hard mineral and salt deposits that form in the kidneys and can vary in size, ranging from tiny grains to larger stones.

The risk of kidney failure from kidney stones is more likely to occur under certain circumstances:

  1. Obstruction: If a kidney stone becomes lodged in the urinary tract and blocks the flow of urine, it can cause a backup of urine in the affected kidney. Over time, this obstruction can lead to pressure build-up, impairing kidney function and potentially causing kidney failure.
  2. Recurrent or large stones: Individuals who have a history of recurrent kidney stones or those with larger stones may be at a higher risk of developing complications, including kidney failure.
  3. Both kidneys affected: If kidney stones occur in both kidneys simultaneously, the risk of kidney failure increases significantly.
  4. Underlying kidney disease: Individuals with pre-existing kidney conditions or compromised kidney function may be more susceptible to kidney failure as a result of kidney stone complications.

If you suspect you have kidney stones or are experiencing symptoms such as severe pain in the back or side, blood in the urine, frequent urination, or difficulty passing urine, it is essential to seek medical attention promptly. Most kidney stones can be treated or managed effectively with medical interventions, and early detection can help prevent complications like kidney failure.