Can Ovarian Cyst Cause Infertility?

Yes, ovarian cysts can potentially cause infertility, although it depends on the type of cyst and various individual factors. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can develop on or within the ovaries. Most ovarian cysts are benign (non-cancerous) and do not typically cause fertility problems. However, certain types of cysts and specific circumstances can impact a woman’s ability to conceive.

Here are some ways in which ovarian cysts can affect fertility:

  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): PCOS is a common hormonal disorder that often involves the presence of multiple small cysts on the ovaries. PCOS can lead to irregular ovulation or anovulation (lack of ovulation), which can make it difficult to conceive.
  • Endometriomas: Endometriomas are cysts that develop when endometrial tissue grows within the ovaries. These cysts can distort ovarian anatomy and potentially affect egg release and fertilization.
  • Large Cysts: Large cysts, particularly those that are complex or cause twisting of the ovary (ovarian torsion), can interfere with normal ovulation and reproductive function.
  • Infections: Certain types of cysts, such as those caused by infections, can lead to inflammation and scarring that affect the ovaries’ function and fertility.
  • Surgery: Surgical removal of cysts or ovarian tissue due to cyst-related complications can impact ovarian function and reduce fertility.

It’s important to note that not all ovarian cysts lead to infertility, and many women with cysts are able to conceive naturally. If you are concerned about ovarian cysts and their potential impact on your fertility, it’s recommended to consult a healthcare professional, such as a gynecologist or fertility specialist. They can evaluate your specific situation, conduct necessary tests, and provide guidance on managing and treating any cyst-related issues that might be affecting your fertility.