Do Fibroids Cause Pain?


Yes, fibroids can cause pain in some cases. Fibroids are non-cancerous growths that develop in or around the uterus. The presence of fibroids doesn’t always lead to symptoms, and many women with fibroids may not experience any discomfort. However, depending on their size, location, and the number of fibroids present, they can cause various symptoms, including pain.

Common ways in which fibroids can cause pain include:

  • Pelvic Pain: Fibroids located within the uterine wall or near the lining can cause pelvic pain. The pain can vary in intensity and may be dull, aching, or sharp. It might also become more pronounced during menstruation.
  • Pressure and Fullness: Large fibroids or fibroids that press against nearby organs can create a sense of pressure or fullness in the pelvic area, leading to discomfort.
  • Menstrual Pain: Fibroids can lead to heavier and more prolonged menstrual periods, which can result in increased menstrual cramping and pain.
  • Pain During Intercourse: Fibroids positioned near the cervix or vaginal wall can cause pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse.
  • Lower Back Pain: Fibroids located towards the back of the uterus can sometimes cause lower back pain.
  • Bladder or Rectal Pressure: Fibroids that press against the bladder or rectum can lead to a sensation of pressure, discomfort, or pain in these areas.

It’s important to note that not all women with fibroids will experience pain. Some women may only discover they have fibroids during routine pelvic examinations or imaging tests and might not have any symptoms at all.

If you are experiencing pelvic pain or other symptoms that you suspect could be related to fibroids, it’s recommended to consult a healthcare provider. They can perform a thorough evaluation, which may include physical exams and imaging studies, to determine the cause of your symptoms. Treatment options for fibroids vary based on the severity of symptoms, the size and location of the fibroids, and your individual health needs.

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