Do Ovarian Cysts Cause Pain?

Yes, ovarian cysts can cause pain. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that can form on or within the ovaries. The presence of an ovarian cyst doesn’t always lead to symptoms, and many cysts are harmless and resolve on their own. However, depending on their size, type, and location, ovarian cysts can cause various degrees of discomfort or pain.

Common ways in which ovarian cysts can cause pain include:

  • Pelvic Pain: The most common symptom of an ovarian cyst is pelvic pain. This pain can vary in intensity and may be sharp, dull, or achy. It might be felt on one side of the pelvis or lower abdomen, depending on which ovary the cyst is affecting.
  • Pain During Menstruation: Some ovarian cysts, particularly those known as functional cysts, can become more painful during menstruation.
  • Pain During Intercourse: Larger cysts or cysts in certain locations can lead to pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse.
  • Pressure and Bloating: Ovarian cysts, especially larger ones, can create a sense of pressure or fullness in the pelvic area, leading to discomfort or bloating.
  • Sudden, Severe Pain: If an ovarian cyst ruptures or twists, it can cause sudden and severe pain. This may require immediate medical attention.
  • Lower Back Pain: Some ovarian cysts can cause lower back pain, particularly if they press against nearby structures.

It’s important to note that the presence of pain does not necessarily indicate a dangerous or cancerous cyst. Most cysts are benign and resolve without causing significant harm. However, if you experience sudden, severe, or persistent pain, it’s advisable to seek medical attention to rule out any complications.

If you suspect you have an ovarian cyst or are experiencing pelvic pain, consult a healthcare provider. They can perform a physical examination, order imaging tests (such as ultrasound), and provide appropriate guidance based on your individual situation. Treatment for ovarian cysts depends on factors such as the type and size of the cyst, the presence of symptoms, and your overall health.