Does Female Circumcision have Health Benefits?

Female circumcision, also known as female genital mutilation (FGM), is a practice that involves the partial or complete removal of the external female genitalia for non-medical reasons. It is important to emphasize that FGM is widely condemned by the global medical community, human rights organizations, and international bodies, including the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations. FGM has no health benefits and is considered a harmful and dangerous practice. Here are some key points about FGM:

  • No Medical Justification: FGM is not a medical procedure and has no medical or health benefits. It is typically performed for cultural, social, or religious reasons.
  • Physical and Psychological Harm: FGM can cause severe physical and psychological harm. Immediate risks include infection, excessive bleeding, and pain. Long-term consequences can include chronic pain, sexual dysfunction, complications during childbirth, and psychological trauma.
  • Violates Human Rights: FGM is a violation of human rights, including the right to life, security of person, freedom from torture, cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment, and the right to the highest attainable standard of health.
  • Prevalence: FGM is practiced in various forms in many countries, primarily in Africa, the Middle East, and some Asian regions. Efforts are underway to eliminate this harmful practice.
  • Global Efforts to End FGM: Many countries and international organizations have initiated programs and campaigns to raise awareness about the dangers of FGM and to work towards its eradication.

It is essential to understand that FGM is a harmful practice that poses significant health risks and has no medical or health benefits. Efforts are ongoing to educate communities and promote alternatives to FGM while respecting cultural sensitivities. Ending FGM requires a comprehensive approach involving education, advocacy, policy changes, and the involvement of affected communities to protect the rights and health of girls and women.