Does PCOS Cause Missed Periods?

Missed Period

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder that affects individuals with ovaries, often during their reproductive years. One of the common symptoms of PCOS is irregular menstrual cycles, which can manifest as missed periods.

PCOS is characterized by an imbalance in reproductive hormones, particularly an elevated level of androgens (male hormones) and insulin resistance. These hormonal imbalances can disrupt the normal menstrual cycle. The ovaries may produce follicles but fail to release eggs regularly, leading to irregular ovulation or anovulation (lack of ovulation). This irregularity in ovulation can result in missed or infrequent periods.

Women with PCOS may experience a range of menstrual irregularities, including:

  • Oligomenorrhea: Infrequent menstrual periods.
  • Amenorrhea: Absence of menstrual periods for several months.

It’s important to note that not all individuals with PCOS will have the same symptoms, and some may still have regular menstrual cycles. However, irregular periods are a common feature of PCOS.

If you suspect you have PCOS or are experiencing irregular periods, it’s recommended to consult with a healthcare professional. They can perform a thorough evaluation, which may include a medical history, physical examination, blood tests, and imaging studies, to diagnose PCOS and discuss appropriate management options. Treatment may involve lifestyle changes, medications to regulate hormones, and addressing specific symptoms or concerns.

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