Does TB Cause Death?

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) can indeed cause death if it is not properly diagnosed and treated. TB is a bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. While TB is a treatable and curable disease, it can become life-threatening if left untreated or if treatment is not completed as prescribed.

TB primarily affects the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body, such as the brain, spine, and kidneys. It spreads through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes, releasing tiny droplets containing the bacteria.

When someone is infected with TB, their immune system may be able to contain the infection, leading to latent TB infection. In this case, the bacteria are present in the body but are not causing active symptoms. However, if the immune system is compromised or weakened, the latent infection can become active TB disease.

Active TB disease can cause symptoms like persistent cough, fever, night sweats, weight loss, and fatigue. If left untreated, TB can cause severe lung damage, spread to other parts of the body, and potentially lead to death.

The introduction of effective antibiotics has greatly improved the prognosis for TB. With proper medical care and adherence to a full course of antibiotics, most cases of TB can be successfully treated and cured. However, drug-resistant strains of TB pose a significant challenge to treatment, and in some cases, treatment can be more difficult and prolonged.

If you suspect you or someone you know may have TB or has been exposed to TB, it’s important to seek medical attention promptly. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are essential to effectively manage the disease and prevent its potential complications, including death.