Does Thyroid Cause Coughing?

Women Wearing Shirt Coughing by holding Neck

Thyroid disorders themselves typically do not directly cause coughing. However, there can be an indirect relationship between thyroid problems and coughing in some cases:

  • Thyroid Nodules: Some people with thyroid disorders, such as thyroid nodules, may experience a sensation of pressure or discomfort in the neck. In rare instances, if a thyroid nodule is particularly large or causing compression on the trachea (windpipe), it could lead to a chronic cough. The cough is a result of irritation or pressure on the airway.
  • Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism Symptoms: Thyroid disorders, like hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) or hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid), can lead to various symptoms, such as fatigue, weakness, and muscle aches. These symptoms can indirectly contribute to a persistent cough, especially if they result in weakened throat muscles and impaired swallowing, leading to the aspiration of saliva or food.
  • Medications: Some medications used to treat thyroid disorders, such as antithyroid drugs or levothyroxine, can have side effects that may include coughing or throat irritation. If you suspect that your medication is causing a cough, you should consult your healthcare provider to discuss alternative options.

If you are experiencing a persistent cough and suspect it may be related to your thyroid or thyroid medication, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional. They can evaluate your specific situation, perform necessary tests, and determine the underlying cause of the cough. In many cases, chronic coughing can be caused by various factors unrelated to thyroid function, such as respiratory infections, allergies, or other medical conditions.