What are the Symptoms and Treatment of Piles?

What are the Symptoms and Treatment of Piles?

Piles, also known as hemorrhoids, are swollen veins in the lower rectum and anus. They can cause discomfort, bleeding, and pain. Common symptoms of piles include:

  • Bleeding: Blood after bowel movements may be visible on toilet paper or in the toilet bowl.
  • Itching or Irritation: Anus may feel itchy, and the area around the anus can be irritated.
  • Pain or Discomfort: Pain during bowel movements or a continuous dull ache in the anal region.
  • Swelling or Lump near the Anus: A lump or swelling may be felt near the anus.
  • Mucus Discharge: Clear or white mucus discharge after bowel movements.
  • Incomplete Bowel Movements: Feeling like the bowel movement is incomplete even after passing stool.
  • Prolapse: Piles may protrude or bulge out of the anus, especially during bowel movements.

Treatment for piles usually begins with lifestyle modifications and home remedies. Here are some common approaches:

  • Dietary Changes: Eating a high-fiber diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and drinking adequate water can help soften stools and reduce straining during bowel movements.
  • Hygiene Practices: Keeping the anal area clean, using gentle wipes or patting instead of rubbing, and soaking in warm water (sitz bath) can provide relief.
  • Pain Relief: Over-the-counter creams, ointments, or suppositories containing hydrocortisone or witch hazel can help reduce pain, itching, and swelling.
  • Regular Exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity can promote bowel regularity and reduce pressure on the veins in the rectal area.
  • Avoid Straining: Avoid straining during bowel movements and refrain from holding stools. Respond promptly to the urge to have a bowel movement.
  • Medical Procedures: If home remedies don’t provide relief, medical procedures may be considered, including rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy, coagulation therapy, or surgery (hemorrhoidectomy).
  • Medication: Your doctor may prescribe medications to manage symptoms such as pain, inflammation, or constipation.

For severe or persistent cases, consult a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan. They can recommend the most suitable treatment option based on the severity and type of piles you have. In any case, seeking timely medical advice is important for effective management of piles.

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