What are the Symptoms of Miscarriage?

A miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy before the fetus can survive outside the womb. Miscarriages can vary in their presentation and severity, and symptoms can differ from person to person. Common signs and symptoms of a miscarriage may include:

  • Vaginal Bleeding: Vaginal bleeding is a common and often the first sign of a miscarriage. The bleeding may be light spotting or heavy and similar to a menstrual period.
  • Abdominal Cramps: Many people experience abdominal cramps, which can range from mild to severe, during a miscarriage. The cramping is often similar to menstrual cramps.
  • Back Pain: Some individuals may experience lower back pain during a miscarriage.
  • Passing Tissue or Clots: You may notice the passage of tissue or blood clots from the vagina. This tissue may include the gestational sac or fetal tissue.
  • Decreased Pregnancy Symptoms: If you were experiencing symptoms of pregnancy, such as breast tenderness, morning sickness, or fatigue, these symptoms may subside or decrease.
  • Loss of Pregnancy Signs: If you were tracking hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) levels or had an ultrasound, a miscarriage may be indicated by a decrease in hCG levels or a lack of fetal heartbeat on the ultrasound.

It’s important to recognize that some spotting or bleeding during early pregnancy is not necessarily a sign of miscarriage and can be due to other factors, such as implantation bleeding or other benign causes. However, if you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above, especially if you are pregnant or suspect you might be pregnant, it’s crucial to seek prompt medical attention.

If you suspect a miscarriage or are experiencing symptoms of a miscarriage, you should contact your healthcare provider or go to the nearest emergency room. They can perform an examination, ultrasound, and blood tests to determine if a miscarriage has occurred. While miscarriages can be emotionally challenging, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare provider for appropriate care and to discuss any necessary follow-up and emotional support.