What are the Symptoms of Craniosynostosis?

Craniosynostosis is a condition where the bones in an infant’s skull fuse prematurely, affecting normal skull growth and shape. The symptoms and signs of craniosynostosis may vary depending on the specific type and severity of the condition. Common symptoms may include:

  • Abnormal head shape: The shape of the head may appear distorted, with an abnormal skull shape, such as a flat or pointed head.
  • Visible or palpable sutures: Early closure of sutures (joints between skull bones) can be felt or seen as ridges on the scalp.
  • Increased intracranial pressure: Due to limited space for the growing brain, infants may experience elevated pressure within the skull, which can lead to symptoms like irritability, vomiting, and bulging fontanelle (soft spot on the baby’s head).
  • Developmental delays: In severe cases, craniosynostosis can lead to delays in the development of motor or cognitive skills.
  • Sleep apnea or breathing difficulties: The abnormal skull shape can obstruct the airways, causing difficulties in breathing, especially during sleep.
  • Facial asymmetry: The misshapen skull can cause asymmetry or an uneven appearance of the face.
  • Sunken or prominent eye sockets: Depending on which sutures are affected, the eye sockets may appear either pushed back or protruding.

Early diagnosis and intervention are crucial for managing craniosynostosis effectively. If you suspect your child may have craniosynostosis, consulting a pediatrician or a specialist in pediatric craniofacial disorders is important for a thorough evaluation and appropriate treatment.