What Are The Symptoms of Dengue?

Dengue is a viral infection transmitted primarily by Aedes mosquitoes, particularly Aedes aegypti. The symptoms of dengue can vary in severity and typically appear 4 to 10 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. The most common symptoms of dengue fever include:

  • High Fever: Sudden high fever, often reaching up to 104°F (40°C), is a hallmark symptom of dengue.
  • Severe Headache: Intense headaches, often described as a frontal headache, are common.
  • Pain Behind the Eyes: This is sometimes referred to as retro-orbital pain and can be quite severe.
  • Joint and Muscle Pain: Pain in the joints and muscles, often giving dengue its colloquial name “breakbone fever.”
  • Rash: A rash may develop, which can vary in appearance but is typically a maculopapular rash, characterized by flat, red spots.
  • Mild Bleeding: Some people with dengue fever may experience mild bleeding, such as nosebleeds, gum bleeding, or easy bruising.
  • Fatigue: Feeling very tired and fatigued is common during the course of the illness.
  • Nausea and Vomiting: These symptoms can occur, often accompanied by abdominal pain.
  • Mild Respiratory Symptoms: In some cases, individuals with dengue may experience mild respiratory symptoms like a cough or sore throat.

It’s important to note that dengue can progress to more severe forms of the disease, including Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) and Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS), which can be life-threatening. Warning signs of severe dengue may include severe abdominal pain, persistent vomiting, rapid breathing, bleeding gums, fatigue, restlessness, and a sudden drop in blood pressure.

If you suspect you have dengue or are in an area where dengue is prevalent, it’s crucial to seek medical attention promptly. There is no specific antiviral treatment for dengue, but supportive care can help manage symptoms and prevent complications. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary. Dengue can be a serious illness, so early diagnosis and medical care are essential for a good outcome. Additionally, taking measures to prevent mosquito bites, such as using mosquito repellent and wearing protective clothing, is important in areas where dengue is common.