What are the Symptoms of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever?

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a severe form of dengue fever, a viral illness transmitted through the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes. The symptoms of DHF can escalate quickly and become life-threatening. Common symptoms of dengue hemorrhagic fever may include:

  1. High Fever:
    • Sudden onset of high fever, often over 101°F (38.3°C).
  2. Severe Headache:
    • Intense and persistent headache, often behind the eyes.
  3. Joint and Muscle Pain:
    • Severe pain in muscles, bones, and joints, often described as aching or deep pain.
  4. Bleeding and Bruising:
    • Unusual bleeding from the nose, mouth, gums, or easy bruising.
    • Petechiae (small red or purple spots on the skin), which indicate bleeding under the skin.
  5. Abdominal Pain and Vomiting:
    • Severe abdominal pain, tenderness, or bloating.
    • Persistent vomiting, sometimes with blood.
  6. Restlessness or Agitation:
    • Extreme restlessness or irritability.
    • Changes in mental state, confusion, or agitation.
  7. Difficulty Breathing:
    • Rapid breathing or shortness of breath.
  8. Skin Rash:
    • Maculopapular rash (a rash with small raised colored bumps) may develop.
  9. Fatigue:
    • Overwhelming tiredness or fatigue.
  10. Enlarged Liver:
    • The liver may become enlarged and tender.
  11. Decreased Platelet Count:
    • A decrease in platelets, which are vital for blood clotting.

DHF can progress rapidly, and if left untreated or not managed appropriately, it can lead to dengue shock syndrome (DSS), a life-threatening condition characterized by a sudden drop in blood pressure, circulatory collapse, and organ failure.

If you suspect you or someone else may have dengue hemorrhagic fever, seek immediate medical attention. Early diagnosis, medical care, and appropriate treatment in a hospital setting are essential for managing DHF and improving outcomes.

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