What are the Symptoms of Dental Caries?

Dental caries, commonly known as cavities or tooth decay, is a condition where the hard tissues of the tooth deteriorate due to acids produced by bacteria in the mouth. Symptoms of dental caries can vary depending on the stage and severity of the decay. Common symptoms include:

  1. Tooth Sensitivity:
    • Increased tooth sensitivity, especially to hot, cold, sweet, or acidic foods and drinks.
  2. Tooth Pain:
    • Sharp or throbbing pain in the affected tooth, particularly during eating or drinking.
  3. Visible Holes or Pits:
    • Visible holes, pits, or dark spots on the tooth’s surface, indicating decay.
  4. Discoloration:
    • White, brown, or black spots or stains on the tooth’s surface or in the grooves.
  5. Bad Breath (Halitosis):
    • Persistent bad breath or an unpleasant taste in the mouth, often caused by bacterial activity and decay.
  6. Toothache:
    • A persistent or intermittent toothache, which may range from mild discomfort to severe pain.
  7. Mild Swelling or Inflammation:
    • Mild swelling or redness of the gums near the affected tooth.
  8. Pus or Abscess Formation:
    • Formation of a pus-filled pocket (abscess) near the tooth, often accompanied by pain and swelling.
  9. Difficulty Chewing:
    • Difficulty chewing or biting due to pain or sensitivity in the affected tooth.
  10. Loose or Misaligned Teeth:
    • Changes in the alignment or positioning of teeth, sometimes causing adjacent teeth to become loose.
  11. Increased Tooth Decay in Children:
    • Rapid or increased tooth decay in children, especially in the primary (baby) teeth.

It’s important to note that dental caries can progress without causing noticeable symptoms initially. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings are crucial for early detection and treatment. Maintaining good oral hygiene, including regular brushing, flossing, and professional cleanings, can help prevent tooth decay. If you suspect you have dental caries or experience any of these symptoms, it’s important to consult a dentist for proper evaluation, diagnosis, and appropriate treatment.

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