What are the Symptoms of Epigastric Hernia?

What are the Symptoms of Epigastric Hernia?

An epigastric hernia is a type of hernia that occurs in the upper abdomen, between the navel (umbilicus) and the lower part of the ribcage. It happens when tissue or fat pushes through a weak area in the abdominal muscles, causing a bulge in the epigastric region. Here are the symptoms associated with an epigastric hernia:

  1. Visible Bulge or Lump:
    • One of the most noticeable symptoms is a small, often painless bulge or lump in the upper abdomen, particularly between the navel and breastbone (sternum). The bulge becomes more prominent when coughing, sneezing, or straining.
  2. Pain or Discomfort:
    • Some individuals may experience mild to moderate pain or discomfort in the area of the bulge. The pain can range from dull and aching to sharp and stabbing, and it may worsen with physical activity or straining.
  3. Tenderness or Sensitivity:
    • The area around the bulge may be tender or sensitive to touch. Pressing on the bulge may cause discomfort.
  4. Burning or Pressure Sensation:
    • Individuals with an epigastric hernia may describe a burning or pressure sensation in the upper abdomen, near the location of the bulge.
  5. Indigestion or Heartburn:
    • Some individuals may experience symptoms of indigestion, acid reflux, or heartburn due to the protrusion of abdominal contents through the weakened area.
  6. Nausea or Vomiting:
    • In some cases, an epigastric hernia may cause feelings of nausea or vomiting, especially if the herniated tissue becomes trapped or incarcerated.

It’s important to note that not everyone with an epigastric hernia experiences symptoms. Some hernias may be small and asymptomatic, while others can cause noticeable discomfort and affect daily activities.

If you suspect you have an epigastric hernia or if you’re experiencing any of the mentioned symptoms, it’s crucial to seek medical attention. A healthcare professional can conduct a physical examination, may order imaging tests (like an ultrasound or CT scan) to confirm the diagnosis, and recommend appropriate treatment, which may involve hernia repair surgery if necessary. Early intervention and treatment can help prevent potential complications associated with hernias.

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