What are the Symptoms of Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism?

What are the Symptoms of Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism?

Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are conditions related to the thyroid gland, which plays a critical role in regulating metabolism through the production of hormones. The symptoms of these conditions can vary in intensity and may include:

Hypothyroidism (Underactive Thyroid):

  • Fatigue and Weakness: Persistent tiredness and a lack of energy.
  • Weight Gain: Unexplained weight gain or difficulty losing weight.
  • Sensitivity to Cold: Feeling cold more easily than others.
  • Constipation: Difficulty in passing stool or infrequent bowel movements.
  • Dry Skin and Hair: Skin may become dry and flaky, and hair may become brittle.
  • Muscle Aches and Cramps: Generalized muscle aches, pains, and cramps.
  • Joint Pain: Aching or stiffness in the joints.
  • Depression or Mood Changes: Feelings of sadness, anxiety, or changes in mood.
  • Slowed Heart Rate: Bradycardia or a slower heart rate than normal.
  • Heavy or Irregular Menstrual Periods: Changes in menstrual cycle and flow.

Hyperthyroidism (Overactive Thyroid):

  • Rapid Heartbeat: An increased heart rate or palpitations.
  • Nervousness and Anxiety: Feeling anxious, jittery, or nervous.
  • Weight Loss: Unintended weight loss, even with increased appetite.
  • Sweating and Sensitivity to Heat: Excessive sweating and feeling hot often.
  • Tremors or Shaking: Trembling in the hands or fingers.
  • Difficulty Sleeping: Insomnia or difficulty falling and staying asleep.
  • Frequent Bowel Movements: An increased frequency of bowel movements or diarrhea.
  • Changes in Menstrual Patterns: Irregular menstrual periods or lighter flow.
  • Muscle Weakness: Weakness and fatigue in the muscles.
  • Bulging Eyes: Protruding or bulging eyes, known as exophthalmos (in Graves’ disease, a common cause of hyperthyroidism).

Both conditions require proper medical diagnosis and treatment by a healthcare professional. If you suspect you may have thyroid issues, seek medical attention for a thorough evaluation and appropriate management.

  • Recent Posts

  • Categories

  • Archives

  • Tags