What are the Symptoms of Leukemia?

What are the Symptoms of Leukemia?

Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects the blood and bone marrow, causing an abnormal production of white blood cells. The symptoms of leukemia can vary depending on the type of leukemia and its stage. Common symptoms may include:

  1. Fatigue and Weakness:
    • Persistent and extreme tiredness and a general feeling of weakness.
  2. Frequent Infections:
    • Increased susceptibility to infections, often due to a reduced number of healthy white blood cells.
  3. Unexplained Weight Loss:
    • Losing weight unintentionally without making changes in diet or exercise.
  4. Pale or Sallow Skin:
    • A pale or yellowish complexion, often indicating anemia (low red blood cell count).
  5. Easy Bruising or Bleeding:
    • Unexplained bruises, frequent nosebleeds, or bleeding from minor cuts or injuries.
  6. Fever and Night Sweats:
    • Recurring or persistent fevers, often accompanied by night sweats.
  7. Pain or Aches in Bones or Joints:
    • Bone pain or tenderness, especially in the long bones of the arms and legs.
  8. Enlarged Lymph Nodes or Spleen:
    • Swelling or enlargement of lymph nodes, spleen, or liver.
  9. Frequent or Persistent Headaches:
    • Headaches that occur frequently and may be severe or persistent.
  10. Breathlessness or Difficulty Breathing:
    • Shortness of breath, especially during physical activity or exertion.
  11. Swelling or Discomfort in the Abdomen:
    • Abdominal swelling, discomfort, or a feeling of fullness due to an enlarged spleen or liver.
  12. Petechiae or Pinpoint Red Spots:
    • Small, reddish-purple spots on the skin (petechiae) caused by bleeding under the skin.

It’s important to remember that leukemia symptoms can resemble those of many other common conditions, and having these symptoms does not necessarily mean you have leukemia. If you experience persistent or concerning symptoms, it’s crucial to consult a healthcare professional for a proper evaluation and diagnosis. Leukemia is diagnosed through blood tests, bone marrow aspiration or biopsy, and other imaging tests to determine the type and extent of the disease.

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