What are the Symptoms of Low Sperm Count?

Low sperm count, known as oligospermia, can be a factor contributing to male infertility. However, it’s important to note that a low sperm count doesn’t always mean a man can’t conceive. Common symptoms of a low sperm count may include:

  • Difficulty Conceiving: Challenges in conceiving a child despite regular, unprotected sexual intercourse for a year or more.
  • Reduced Sexual Desire or Dysfunction: Issues related to sexual desire or difficulty maintaining an erection.
  • Testicular Pain or Swelling: Discomfort, pain, or swelling in the testicles.
  • Ejaculation Problems: Difficulty or pain during ejaculation.
  • Low Semen Volume: A noticeable decrease in the amount of semen during ejaculation.
  • Abnormal Sperm Appearance or Motility: Sperm may have an abnormal shape (morphology) or reduced movement (motility), affecting their ability to reach and fertilize an egg.
  • Semen Consistency: Changes in the consistency, color, or texture of the semen.
  • Pain or Blood in Semen: Pain during ejaculation or blood in the semen (hematospermia).
  • Reduced Hair Growth or Abnormal Breast Growth: In some cases, hormonal imbalances related to low sperm count may cause reduced facial or body hair growth or an increase in breast tissue (gynecomastia).

It’s important to consult a healthcare professional, usually a urologist or a fertility specialist, if you suspect a low sperm count or if you’ve been trying to conceive without success. A comprehensive evaluation, including a semen analysis and hormonal tests, can provide a clear diagnosis and guide appropriate treatment options to address the underlying causes of low sperm count.