What are the Symptoms of Naegleria Fowleri?

What are the Symptoms of Naegleria Fowleri?

Naegleria fowleri is a rare, but severe, brain-eating amoeba that can cause a rare and deadly brain infection called primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM). The symptoms of Naegleria fowleri infection typically start about 1 to 9 days after exposure and progress rapidly. Early symptoms may resemble those of bacterial meningitis and can include:

  • Fever: High fever, often sudden and severe.
  • Headache: Intense and persistent headaches.
  • Nausea and vomiting: Severe nausea and vomiting may occur.
  • Stiff neck: Stiffness in the neck and severe neck pain.
  • Altered mental status: Confusion, lack of attention, and changes in behavior.
  • Sensitivity to light: Photophobia, where bright lights can cause discomfort or pain in the eyes.
  • Seizures: Seizures or convulsions may occur as the infection progresses.
  • Hallucinations: Visual or auditory hallucinations, delirium, or altered consciousness.
  • Loss of balance or coordination: Difficulty walking, maintaining balance, or coordinating movements.
  • Coma: In severe cases, the infection can progress rapidly, leading to a coma.

It’s important to note that the symptoms of Naegleria fowleri infection progress rapidly, and the disease is often fatal. If you suspect exposure to contaminated water and experience symptoms like those mentioned above, seek immediate medical attention. Prevention is crucial, and avoiding warm freshwater sources such as hot springs, untreated geothermal water, and poorly maintained swimming pools can help reduce the risk of Naegleria fowleri infection.

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