What are the Symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Disease?

What are the Symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Disease?

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder affecting women. Symptoms can vary, and not all individuals will experience the same signs, but common symptoms of PCOS may include:

  1. Irregular Menstrual Cycles: Menstrual periods that are irregular, infrequent, or absent.
  2. Excess Androgen Levels: Elevated levels of male hormones (androgens) may cause symptoms like acne, excessive facial or body hair growth (hirsutism), or male-pattern baldness.
  3. Polycystic Ovaries: Enlarged ovaries with small cysts on the outer edges, seen on ultrasound.
  4. Insulin Resistance: Insulin resistance or impaired glucose metabolism, which can lead to high blood sugar levels and an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.
  5. Weight Gain or Difficulty Losing Weight: Difficulty in managing weight, especially around the abdomen.
  6. Acne or Oily Skin: Persistent or severe acne, often occurring on the face, chest, or back.
  7. Fatigue: Low energy levels, feeling tired, or experiencing a lack of stamina.
  8. Hair Thinning: Thinning of hair on the scalp, similar to male-pattern baldness.
  9. Sleep Disturbances: Difficulty sleeping or sleep disorders like sleep apnea.
  10. Mood Changes: Mood swings, anxiety, or depression, possibly due to hormonal fluctuations.
  11. Pelvic Pain: Pelvic discomfort or pain, particularly during periods.
  12. Fertility Issues: Difficulty getting pregnant or infertility due to irregular ovulation.

It’s important to remember that not everyone with PCOS will experience all of these symptoms, and the severity of symptoms can vary. Diagnosis and management of PCOS typically involve a combination of medical history assessment, physical examination, blood tests to measure hormone levels, and ultrasound imaging of the ovaries. If you suspect you may have PCOS, consult a healthcare professional for evaluation and appropriate guidance.

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