What are the Symptoms of Sun Stroke?

What are the Symptoms of Sun Stroke?

Sunstroke, also known as heatstroke, is a serious medical condition that occurs when the body overheats due to prolonged exposure to high temperatures and sun. It is a medical emergency and requires immediate attention. Common symptoms of sunstroke include:

  1. High Body Temperature:
    • Core body temperature above 104°F (40°C). This is a hallmark sign of heatstroke.
  2. Hot, Dry Skin:
    • The skin may be hot to the touch and dry, as the body struggles to cool itself.
  3. Rapid Heartbeat and Breathing:
    • An elevated heart rate (tachycardia) and increased breathing rate (tachypnea) as the body tries to cool down.
  4. Headache and Dizziness:
    • Intense headache and feelings of lightheadedness or dizziness.
  5. Nausea and Vomiting:
    • Feeling sick to the stomach and vomiting.
  6. Confusion and Agitation:
    • Confusion, altered mental state, disorientation, or even loss of consciousness.
  7. Muscle Weakness or Cramps:
    • Weakness, cramps, or spasms in the muscles.
  8. Seizures:
    • In severe cases, heatstroke can cause seizures or convulsions.
  9. Flushed or Red Skin:
    • Skin may appear flushed or reddened due to the body’s attempt to dissipate heat.
  10. Profuse Sweating (early stages):
    • In the initial stages, the person may sweat excessively as the body attempts to cool down.
  11. Rapid Pulse:
    • An abnormally fast pulse or heartbeat.
  12. Shallow Breathing:
    • Breathing may become shallow or rapid.
  13. Loss of Coordination:
    • Difficulty walking or maintaining coordination.
  14. Unconsciousness:
    • In severe cases, the person may lose consciousness or go into a coma.

If you suspect someone is experiencing sunstroke or heatstroke, it’s crucial to take immediate action:

  • Move the person to a cool, shaded area.
  • Remove excess clothing and cool the person down with water or ice packs.
  • Encourage hydration with cool water (not ice-cold) if the person is able to drink.
  • Seek immediate medical attention or call emergency services.

Preventing sunstroke involves staying hydrated, avoiding prolonged exposure to high temperatures, wearing appropriate clothing, and taking breaks in shaded or cool areas during hot weather.

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