What Causes Eye Power to Increase?

Eye Power to Increase

Changes in eye power, commonly referred to as changes in refractive error, can occur for various reasons. Here are some factors that can contribute to an increase in eye power:

  • Genetics: A significant factor in determining your eye power is genetics. If your parents have myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), or astigmatism, you may be more prone to developing similar refractive errors.
  • Age-Related Changes: The shape and flexibility of the eye’s lens can change with age. Many people experience an increase in myopia (nearsightedness) during childhood and adolescence, while others may develop hyperopia (farsightedness) as they get older.
  • Environmental Factors: Prolonged and close-up use of digital devices, reading, or other activities that require intense focus can contribute to eyestrain and changes in eye power. This is commonly known as “computer vision syndrome” or “digital eye strain.”
  • Excessive Near Work: Engaging in activities that involve a lot of close-up work, especially in poor lighting conditions, can strain the eyes and potentially lead to changes in eye power.
  • Systemic Health Conditions: Certain health conditions, such as diabetes, can affect the eyes and lead to changes in refractive error.
  • Pregnancy: Some women may experience changes in eye power during pregnancy due to hormonal fluctuations and fluid retention.
  • Medication Side Effects: Certain medications may have side effects that affect the eyes, leading to changes in vision.
  • Corneal Changes: Changes in the shape of the cornea, such as with keratoconus, can lead to alterations in refractive error.

It’s essential to note that regular eye examinations are crucial for detecting changes in eye power. If you notice changes in your vision or experience eye discomfort, it is advisable to consult with an eye care professional. They can assess your eyes, determine the cause of any changes, and prescribe corrective measures such as eyeglasses or contact lenses if needed.

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