What is the Mode of Nutrition in Mushroom?

Mushrooms are heterotrophic organisms, which means that they obtain their nutrition from organic matter in their environment. Specifically, mushrooms are saprotrophs, which means that they obtain their nutrition by decomposing dead and decaying organic matter such as wood, leaves, and animal remains.

Mushrooms have a specialized structure called mycelium, which is a network of thread-like structures called hyphae. The mycelium grows through the substrate, secreting enzymes that break down complex organic matter into simpler compounds that can be absorbed by the hyphae. As the mycelium grows, it forms a fruiting body, which is the part of the mushroom that we see above ground. The fruiting body produces spores, which are dispersed into the environment to colonize new substrates and continue the life cycle of the mushroom.

In summary, mushrooms obtain their nutrition through a process of decomposing organic matter using enzymes secreted by their mycelium. This makes them important decomposers in natural ecosystems and valuable sources of nutrients for other organisms.