Why Acidity is Caused?

Acidity, often referred to as acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), occurs when stomach acid flows back up into the esophagus, which is the tube that connects the mouth to the stomach. This can lead to symptoms such as heartburn, regurgitation, chest pain, and discomfort. There are several factors that can contribute to the development of acidity:

  1. Weak Lower Esophageal Sphincter (LES): The LES is a muscular ring that separates the esophagus from the stomach. It acts as a valve to prevent stomach contents, including acid, from flowing back into the esophagus. When the LES is weak or relaxes abnormally, it can allow stomach acid to escape into the esophagus.
  2. Hiatal Hernia: A hiatal hernia occurs when a portion of the stomach protrudes through the diaphragm into the chest cavity. This can weaken the barrier between the stomach and the esophagus, making it easier for acid to flow back up.
  3. Dietary Factors: Certain foods and beverages can trigger or exacerbate acidity. These may include spicy or fatty foods, citrus fruits, tomatoes, onions, chocolate, caffeine, and alcohol.
  4. Overeating or Large Meals: Eating large meals or lying down shortly after eating can increase the pressure on the stomach and lead to acid reflux.
  5. Obesity: Excess body weight, especially around the abdomen, can put pressure on the stomach and LES, contributing to acid reflux.
  6. Pregnancy: Hormonal changes and the pressure of a growing uterus on the stomach can lead to increased acid reflux in pregnant women.
  7. Smoking: Smoking weakens the LES and can promote acid reflux.
  8. Certain Medications: Some medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), aspirin, certain muscle relaxers, and blood pressure medications, can relax the LES or irritate the esophagus, leading to increased acidity.
  9. Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as gastroparesis (delayed stomach emptying), scleroderma, and connective tissue disorders, can contribute to acid reflux.

It’s important to note that occasional acid reflux is common and can be managed with lifestyle changes and over-the-counter medications. However, if you experience frequent or severe acid reflux symptoms, it’s advisable to consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and management, as chronic acid reflux can lead to complications such as esophagitis, Barrett’s esophagus, and increased risk of esophageal cancer.