Green Tea Nutritional Facts
Green tea is made from leaves of Camellia sinensis. Green tea originated in China but it is spread to other countries also. The region where green tea originated is in East Asia. No, its manufacturing is extended all over the world.
Green tea is consumed by almost everyone in their daily life. People who are familiar with normal teas also replaced their daily habit with green tea. Many people start their day with this green tea only. Green tea contains many health benefits. Green tea became a beverage that supply dietary recommendations which can reduce many diseases and helps in digestive problems, weight loss, headaches etc.
What’s In Green Tea?
Green tea is the plant based beverage using in large quantities since few years. Mainly, green tea is fond of beneficial polyphenols and antioxidants, this is due to presence some compounds like catechins. Moreover, green tea doesn’t contain any calories, fat, carbohydrates, or protein in unsweetened tea. Due to the presence of healthy compounds like catechins, specifically epicatechin, green tea is loaded with many health benefits. These catechins give green tea its potential cancer-fighting, antioxidant, probiotic, and boosting metabolism.
The four main catechins found in green tea are:
- 1. Epicatechin (EC)- ~6%
- 2. Epigallocatechin (EGC)- ~20%
- 3. Epicatechin-3-gallate (ECG)- ~14% and
- 4. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) – 60%
Green tea also contains minerals like potassium in trace amounts and green tea also contains moderate levels of caffeine but less compared to other teas. But the exact amount of caffeine depends upon the type of green tea you pick. On average, 100 ml of green tea has about 12 mg of caffeine( USDA). But there is a standard cup which about 230 ml (8oZ). If you pick that standard mug, then 30 mg of caffeine is present.
What Are The Possible Health Benefits Of Green Tea ?
There are many possible health benefits by green tea, as it is rich in all nutrients and especially rich in polyphenols and antioxidants.
1. Helps In Weight Loss
Green Tea is one of the top option that people choose to weight loss. It is also included in fat burning supplements. This is because, many researches proved that green tea helps in burning fat by increasing metabolic rate.
Mostly in studies, people who are consuming green tea has increased metabolic rate than who doesn’t have it. But increased rate of metabolism is not same foe everyone as it depends on individual’s capacity and daily activities.
Why green tea is said to be helpful in weight loss ? It is because, green tea extract can increase the oxidation of fat. thus, fat in the body get decreased and aid in weight loss.
Moreover, green tea also contains caffeine which may also improve physical performance by moving fatty acids from fat tissue and making them available when ever we want energy. Some studies also said that caffeine may also increase physical performance by approximately 11–12%.
2. May Decrease Cancer Risk:
Cancer is caused by abnormal cell growth which is effecting many people worldwide and leading disease.
As, cancer is caused by oxidative damage, antioxidants which can remove free radicals can helps to reduce oxidative damage.
So. as green tea is rich in anti antioxidants, it is helpful in preventing different types of cancers like prostate cancer, breast cancer etc.
3. May Improve Brain Functions
Mainly, caffeine play an important role in improving brain functions. But it doesn’t contain as much as coffee.
Generally, caffeine affects the brain by blocking an inhibitory neurotransmitter called adenosine. Thus, it increases the neurons and the concentration of neurotransmitters (dopamine and norepinephrine). The bioactive compounds present in green tea may reduce the risk of dementia.
Green tea also contains L-theanine a amino acid, which can work actively with caffeine to improve brain function. Green tea helps to reduce abdominal fat. As catechins are present in green tea, it may inhibit the growth of bacteria in the mouth, reducing the risk of bad breath. It may also lower the risk of type 2 diabetes.