The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland that sits low on the front of the neck. Your thyroid lies below your Adam’s apple, along the front of the windpipe. The thyroid has two side lobes, connected by a bridge (isthmus) in the middle. When the thyroid is its normal size, you can’t feel it.
Through the hormones it produces, the thyroid gland influences almost all of the metabolic processes in your body. Thyroid disorders can range from a small, harmless goiter (enlarged gland) that needs no treatment to life-threatening cancer. The most common thyroid problems involve abnormal production of thyroid hormones. Too much thyroid hormone results in a condition known as hyperthyroidism. Insufficient hormone production leads to hypothyroidism. Although the effects can be unpleasant or uncomfortable, most thyroid problems can be managed well if properly diagnosed and treated.
Brownish-red in color, the thyroid is rich with blood vessels. Nerves important for voice quality also pass through the thyroid.
The thyroid secretes several hormones, collectively called thyroid hormones. The main hormone is thyroxine, also called T4. Thyroid hormones act throughout the body, influencing metabolism, growth and development, and body temperature. During infancy and childhood, adequate thyroid hormone is crucial for brain development.
- Goiter: A general term for thyroid swelling. Goiters can be harmless, or can represent iodine deficiency or a condition associated with thyroid inflammation called Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
- Hyperthyroidism: Excessive thyroid hormone production. Hyperthyroidism is most often caused by Graves disease or an overactive thyroid nodule.
- Hypothyroidism: Low production of thyroid hormone. Thyroid damage caused by autoimmune disease is the most common cause of hypothyroidism .
- Thyroiditis: Inflammation of the thyroid, usually from a viral infection or autoimmune condition. Thyroiditis can be painful, or have no symptoms at all.
- Thyroid cancer: An uncommon form of cancer, thyroid cancer is usually curable. Surgery, radiation, and hormone treatments may be used to treat thyroid cancer.
Thyroid Diet Plan For Adults (Obese)
|Early morning||Warm water with lemon-1 glass|
Soaked almonds or walnuts-2
|Breakfast||Oats with milk-1 cup or|
Upma-1 cup or
Whole grain roti-2
Channa curry (or any optional curry)- 1/4th cup
|Mid morning||Green leafy smoothie-1 glass or|
Water melon or
|Lunch||Brown rice or white rice -1 cup|
Boiled egg (without yolk)-1
Mushroom curry/ any veg curry except cabbage and cauliflower and chicken, meat etc-1/2 cup
|Snacks||Green tea-1 cup |
Boiled carrots or veg/ fruit salad-1 cup
|Dinner||Whole grain roti-2|
Any veg curry-1 cup (except cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, spinach, kale.)
Salad(cucumber & carrot)
|Bed time||Milk-1 glass|
Chicken & meat can be consumed in the day time for every 10 days. Fish can be eaten for every 4 days. Non-veg should be avoided in night times. For better result include workout to your daily routine. Drink more water and more fruits should be taken.
People with hypothyroidism should avoid millet, processed foods, and supplements like selenium and zinc (unless a healthcare provider has advised you to take them). Cruciferous vegetables should be taken in less amounts. You can eat these vegetables in moderation, steamed or cooked, but overdoing it may work against your effort to lose weight.