Vision Disorders That Are Common In Older Adults
Common eye problems in old age include cataracts, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, Retinol disorders, conjunctivitis, and diabetic retinopathy.
An older person is defined as a person who is over 60 years of age. However, families and communities mostly use other socio-cultural referents to call people aged, by depending upon the family status like grandparents, physical appearance, and age-related health conditions.
The International Day of Older Persons is on October 1 every year.
Common Eye Diseases In Aged Adults
Aging brings changes in all your body parts and also weaken your eye vision. These are several eye problems that are more common in aged people, but they can affect anyone at any age not only in old age. You can do certain simple things to improve vision in any age Here, are some of the common vision problems in older adults as below:
Cataracts are the dense and cloudy areas that develop in the lens in the front of the eyes. A cataract begins when proteins in the eye form clumps. These clumps prevent the lens from sending clear images to the retina. The work of retina is converting the light that comes through the lens into signals. When these cataracts form, usually is there no pain. redness, tearing of eyes as this form slowly. However, small cataracts doesn’t alter eyesight. When these grow big and loss eye sight, then a surgery is made by doctors by taking out the clouded lens. In most cases, doctor puts a clear plastic lens in eyes to restore normal sight.
Glaucoma is a eye conditions that damage the optic nerve. This damage is often caused by an increased pressure in your eye. Glaucoma is mostly caused by heredity risk factors such as is age, diabetes, medications etc. This is one of the leading causes of blindness for people over the age of 60. Most people have no early symptoms like pain etc. To treat glaucoma, some medications, laser treatment or surgery is suggested by doctors.
3. Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
AMD is an eye related disease that effect macular eye part, which cause blur ness while reading, driving, writing etc at 50 years. But no one knows exactly the reason for macular degeneration. Some research proved that it may be affected by a combination of heredity and environmental factors, including smoking, obesity and diet. Although it cause blur ness, it doesn’t cause blind ness. In the early stages, it can be treated with nutrient supplements. If AMD increased to last stages, there is no cure. People with the more severe type of AMD may benefit from laser or injection of medication.
4. Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic Retinopathy is one of the complications of diabetes. It is caused when small blood vessels stop proper circulation to the retina. In early stages, fluid may be leaked from the blood vessels causing blurred vision. But it show no symptoms.
To treat this disorder, injecting drugs are used to improve vision. In advanced stages, laser treatment is done to prevent blindness. Interesting fact is that, you can reduce diabetic retinopathy by reducing blood sugar levels.
Conjunctivitis is a pink eye that is caused by the inflammation of conjunctiva (transparent membrane) that lines the eyelids and covers the sclera or white ball.
It can cause redness, itching, burning, tearing, and feeling of something in the eye. Conjunctivitis occurs in all aged people which is mainly caused by infection, it is very contagious and also cause by the exposure to chemicals and irritants, or allergies.
Apart from all these disorders, you can follow certain things to maintain lifelong eye and overall health by using brighter lights in your house to help prevent poor eye vision problems and consulting your doctor more frequently to screen for age-related diseases.