What are the Nutritional Recommendations for Diabetes?


Managing diabetes requires paying close attention to what you eat to maintain healthy blood sugar levels. The following are some nutritional recommendations for people with diabetes:

  • Eat a balanced diet: A balanced diet includes foods from all food groups in the right proportions. A balanced diet for people with diabetes should include whole grains, fruits, vegetables, lean protein, and healthy fats.
  • Limit carbohydrate intake: Carbohydrates raise blood sugar levels, so people with diabetes should be mindful of how many carbohydrates they consume. It is recommended to limit the intake of refined carbohydrates, such as sugary drinks, candy, and baked goods, and instead choose complex carbohydrates, such as whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.
  • Choose healthy fats: People with diabetes are at an increased risk of heart disease, so it is important to choose healthy fats, such as those found in olive oil, nuts, and fatty fish, and limit saturated and trans fats, such as those found in animal products and processed foods.
  • Control portion sizes: Controlling portion sizes is important for managing blood sugar levels and maintaining a healthy weight. It is recommended to use measuring cups and spoons, and to be mindful of serving sizes when eating out.
  • Limit sodium intake: People with diabetes are also at an increased risk of high blood pressure, so it is important to limit sodium intake. This means limiting the consumption of processed foods, which often contain high amounts of sodium, and using herbs and spices to flavor food instead of salt.
  • Stay hydrated: Staying hydrated is important for people with diabetes to help flush out excess sugar in the blood. It is recommended to drink plenty of water, and to limit sugary drinks, such as soda and juice.

It is important to work with a registered dietitian or a healthcare provider to develop a personalized nutrition plan that meets individual needs and health goals.

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