What are the Signs and Symptoms of Lymphogranuloma Venereum?

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Lymphogranuloma Venereum?

Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by certain strains of the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. It primarily affects the lymphatic system, particularly the lymph nodes in the genital and rectal areas. Common signs and symptoms of LGV can vary based on the stage of the infection and may include:

  1. Primary Stage:
    • Painless genital ulcers, small papules, or sores at the site of infection (penis, vagina, cervix, or anus).
  2. Secondary Stage:
    • Painful, enlarged lymph nodes (buboes) in the groin area (inguinal region) or elsewhere in the genital area.
    • Rectal inflammation and pain, with or without discharge, if the infection is acquired through anal intercourse.
    • Discharge from the penis or vagina.
    • Pain during bowel movements.
    • Generalized symptoms like fever, fatigue, and malaise.
  3. Tertiary Stage (Chronic Stage):
    • Chronic or recurring swelling of the lymph nodes in the genital or rectal areas.
    • Anal fistulas or abscesses (abnormal connections or pockets near the anus).
    • Rectal stricture (narrowing of the rectum) due to scarring from chronic inflammation.

It’s important to note that LGV can also cause systemic symptoms, such as fever, chills, muscle aches, and fatigue, especially in the early stages. If left untreated, LGV can lead to serious complications affecting the genital, urinary, and gastrointestinal systems.

If you suspect you may have LGV or any symptoms of an STI, it’s essential to seek prompt medical attention for appropriate testing, diagnosis, and treatment. LGV requires specific antibiotics and close monitoring to manage the infection effectively and prevent potential complications. Practice safe sex, use protection consistently, and have regular STI screenings to maintain sexual health and reduce the risk of infections.

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