What are the Symptoms of a Sprained Ankle?

What are the Symptoms of a Sprained Ankle?

A sprained ankle occurs when the ligaments in the ankle are stretched, torn, or damaged, often due to a sudden twisting or rolling of the ankle. The severity of a sprained ankle can vary from mild to severe, and symptoms may include:

  1. Pain:
    • Immediate pain at the time of injury, which can range from mild to severe depending on the extent of the sprain.
  2. Swelling:
    • Swelling around the affected area, usually within a few hours of the injury, due to fluid accumulation.
  3. Bruising (Ecchymosis):
    • Bruising or discoloration around the ankle or foot due to damaged blood vessels and bleeding into the skin.
  4. Difficulty Walking:
    • Difficulty putting weight on the injured foot or walking due to pain and instability.
  5. Tenderness:
    • Tenderness when touching or applying pressure to the affected area.
  6. Stiffness:
    • Stiffness or reduced range of motion in the ankle due to pain and swelling.
  7. Instability:
    • Feeling of instability or a “giving way” sensation in the ankle when trying to stand, walk, or bear weight.
  8. Warmth to the Touch:
    • Increased warmth in the affected area due to inflammation.
  9. Popping Sensation:
    • Some individuals may experience a popping sound or sensation at the time of injury.
  10. Difficulty Flexing the Foot:
    • Difficulty moving or flexing the foot, especially in certain directions due to pain and swelling.
  11. Inability to Use the Full Range of Motion:
    • Inability to move the ankle through its full range of motion due to pain and stiffness.
  12. Muscle Spasms:
    • Muscle spasms or cramping in the calf or surrounding muscles as a protective response to the injury.

It’s important to seek medical attention for a thorough evaluation and appropriate treatment if you suspect a sprained ankle, especially if the pain and swelling are severe, or if you are unable to put weight on the foot. Treatment for a sprained ankle typically includes rest, ice, compression, elevation (RICE), immobilization, pain management, and rehabilitation exercises to promote healing and regain strength and stability in the affected ankle. Severe sprains may require further evaluation and treatment by a healthcare professional.

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