What are the Symptoms of Childhood Disintegrative Disorder?

What are the Symptoms of Childhood Disintegrative Disorder?

Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD), also known as Heller’s syndrome, is a rare developmental disorder that typically affects children between the ages of 3 and 4. It’s characterized by a marked regression in multiple areas of functioning after a period of typical development. Common symptoms and features of Childhood Disintegrative Disorder include:

  • Loss of Previously Acquired Skills: Regression in previously acquired developmental milestones, such as language, social skills, motor skills, and/or bladder or bowel control.
  • Loss of Language and Communication Skills: Sudden loss of previously acquired language and communication abilities, including speech and language comprehension.
  • Loss of Social Skills: Significant loss of social interactions, play skills, and interest in others. A child may become withdrawn, show reduced interest in peers or family, and lack social engagement.
  • Loss of Motor Skills: Loss of previously acquired fine and gross motor skills, affecting coordination and movement.
  • Loss of Toileting Skills: Regression in toileting skills, such as using the toilet, controlling bowel or bladder functions.
  • Adaptive Behavior Impairments: Challenges in adaptive behaviors, including self-care, feeding, dressing, or grooming.
  • Repetitive Behaviors: Engagement in repetitive, stereotypical behaviors or interests.
  • Irritability and Agitation: Increased irritability, emotional lability, or signs of frustration.
  • Intellectual Impairment: Significant decline in cognitive functioning or intellectual abilities.
  • Seizures: In some cases, children with CDD may experience seizures.
  • Loss of Interest in Play and Activities: A decrease in interest in play activities or imaginative play, or a shift in play patterns.
  • Lack of Emotional Expression: Reduced ability to express or perceive emotions appropriately.

It’s important to note that the exact cause of Childhood Disintegrative Disorder is not fully understood, and it’s considered a severe form of Autism Spectrum Disorder. If you suspect your child may be experiencing symptoms of Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, it’s crucial to seek evaluation and guidance from healthcare professionals, including pediatricians, psychologists, or developmental specialists. Early intervention and appropriate therapy can help manage symptoms and improve the child’s quality of life.

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