What are the Symptoms of Endometrial Cancer?

What are the Symptoms of Endometrial Cancer?

Endometrial cancer, also known as uterine cancer, is a type of cancer that begins in the lining of the uterus (endometrium). It is the most common form of uterine cancer and primarily affects postmenopausal women. Early detection and treatment are essential for a better prognosis. Here are the typical symptoms associated with endometrial cancer:

  • Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding: Irregular vaginal bleeding or spotting between periods, after menopause, or in postmenopausal women, is a common early sign of endometrial cancer.
  • Heavy or Prolonged Menstrual Bleeding: Increased intensity or duration of menstrual bleeding, which may be heavier than usual, lasting longer than seven days, or involving frequent changes of sanitary products.
  • Pelvic Pain: Persistent or recurring pain in the pelvis, lower abdomen, or lower back, which may vary in intensity and is not associated with menstrual cramps.
  • Painful Intercourse (Dyspareunia): Discomfort, pain, or a feeling of pressure during sexual intercourse.
  • Pelvic Pressure or Fullness: A sensation of fullness, pressure, or bloating in the pelvic region, often unrelated to gastrointestinal issues.
  • Urinary Symptoms: Changes in urinary habits, such as increased frequency of urination, urgency to urinate, or difficulty emptying the bladder.
  • Bowel Changes: Changes in bowel habits, including constipation, diarrhea, or changes in stool size and shape.
  • Unexplained Weight Loss: A sudden and unintentional loss of weight, even without changes in diet or exercise.
  • Fatigue: Persistent fatigue, weakness, or a feeling of being unusually tired.
  • Vaginal Discharge: Unusual or abnormal vaginal discharge that may be watery, bloody, or have an unusual odor.
  • Enlarged Uterus (in some cases): In more advanced stages, the uterus may become enlarged, resulting in a noticeable increase in the size of the abdomen.

It’s important to note that these symptoms can also be associated with other conditions, such as uterine fibroids, hormonal changes, or infections. However, any persistent or concerning symptoms, particularly those related to abnormal vaginal bleeding, should prompt a consultation with a healthcare professional for further evaluation and appropriate testing. Early detection and treatment of endometrial cancer can significantly improve outcomes and increase the chances of successful treatment. If you suspect you may be at risk for endometrial cancer or are experiencing concerning symptoms, seek medical attention promptly.

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