What are the Symptoms of Functional Dyspepsia?

What are the Symptoms of Functional Dyspepsia?

Functional Dyspepsia (FD) is a chronic disorder of the upper digestive system, primarily involving the stomach and sometimes the esophagus. It’s characterized by recurring or chronic indigestion and discomfort in the upper abdomen. The symptoms of functional dyspepsia can vary in severity and may include:

  1. Upper Abdominal Pain or Discomfort:
    • A persistent or recurrent discomfort, burning, or pain in the upper abdomen, typically centered in the middle, above the navel.
  2. Feeling of Fullness or Early Satiety:
    • A sensation of fullness or bloating after eating, even small meals.
    • Feeling full before finishing a normal-sized meal.
  3. Bloating and Gas:
    • Excessive gas production, bloating, or a sensation of abdominal distension.
  4. Nausea or Vomiting:
    • Occasional or frequent nausea, which may or may not be accompanied by vomiting.
  5. Belching and Regurgitation:
    • Frequent belching or regurgitation (bringing up partially digested food or acid into the throat).
  6. Heartburn or Acid Reflux:
    • A burning sensation or discomfort in the chest or throat (heartburn) due to the reflux of stomach acid into the esophagus.
  7. Loss of Appetite:
    • Reduced desire to eat or a significant decrease in appetite.
  8. Unexplained Weight Loss:
    • Losing weight without trying to do so or without an apparent reason.
  9. Bad Breath (Halitosis):
    • Foul or unpleasant breath, often associated with digestive issues.
  10. Difficulty Swallowing (Dysphagia):
    • A feeling of difficulty or discomfort while swallowing, even with normal amounts of food.
  11. Altered Bowel Movements:

The symptoms of functional dyspepsia may be episodic, lasting for weeks or months and then subsiding, or they can persist for longer periods. The exact cause of functional dyspepsia is not fully understood, making it a challenging condition to treat. Management typically involves lifestyle changes, dietary modifications, stress reduction techniques, and sometimes medication to alleviate symptoms.

If you experience persistent or severe symptoms of functional dyspepsia, it’s important to consult a healthcare professional for a thorough evaluation and appropriate management.

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