What are the Symptoms of Gingivitis?

Gingivitis (Gum Disease)

Gingivitis is an early stage of gum disease (periodontal disease) that is characterized by inflammation of the gums (gingiva). The condition is typically caused by poor oral hygiene and the buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth. Common symptoms of gingivitis include:

  1. Gum Redness and Swelling:
    • Gums appear red, swollen, and may be more sensitive or tender to the touch.
  2. Bleeding Gums:
    • Gums bleed easily, especially during brushing, flossing, or eating.
  3. Bad Breath (Halitosis):
    • Persistent bad breath that may not go away even with regular oral hygiene.
  4. Receding Gums:
    • Gums may start to pull away or recede from the teeth, making the teeth appear longer.
  5. Tender or Painful Gums:
    • Gums can be sore, tender, or painful to the touch or while chewing.
  6. Changes in Gum Color:
    • Gums may change in color, appearing bright red or purplish instead of their normal pink color.
  7. Gum Bleeding During Brushing or Flossing:
    • Bleeding occurs when brushing, flossing, or eating, indicating inflammation and irritation of the gums.
  8. Formation of Pockets Between Teeth and Gums:
    • Spaces or pockets can develop between the teeth and gums, often a sign of advanced gingivitis or early-stage gum disease.
  9. Loose Teeth or Tooth Mobility:
    • In severe cases, gingivitis can lead to loosening of teeth due to the weakening of the supporting structures.
  10. Dental Plaque and Tartar Buildup:
    • The presence of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, and hardened tartar (calculus) on the teeth and along the gumline.

Gingivitis can often be prevented or managed through good oral hygiene practices, including regular brushing, flossing, and routine dental check-ups and cleanings. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to a more severe form of gum disease called periodontitis, which may lead to irreversible damage to the gums, teeth, and supporting bone structure. If you suspect you have gingivitis or are experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s essential to consult a dentist or periodontist for proper evaluation and appropriate treatment.

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