What are the Symptoms of Mitral Valve Prolapse?

What are the Symptoms of Mitral Valve Prolapse?

Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is a condition where the valve between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart doesn’t close properly. Symptoms of MVP can vary in severity and may include:

  • Heart palpitations: Patients often experience irregular, rapid, or “fluttering” heartbeats. Palpitations may feel like the heart is pounding, fluttering, or beating irregularly.
  • Chest pain or discomfort: Some individuals with MVP may have chest pain, which can range from mild to sharp or severe. The pain may resemble angina (chest pain due to reduced blood flow to the heart).
  • Shortness of breath: Breathlessness or difficulty breathing, especially during physical activity or when lying down, can be a symptom. This occurs due to the inefficient functioning of the mitral valve, affecting blood flow.
  • Fatigue: Patients with MVP might feel unusually tired or lacking in energy, even with minimal exertion.
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness: Some individuals experience dizziness or a feeling of lightheadedness, often accompanied by heart palpitations.
  • Migraine headaches: MVP has been associated with an increased prevalence of migraine headaches, particularly with auras (sensory disturbances before the headache).
  • Atypical chest pain: Chest discomfort that doesn’t fit the classic pattern of angina or heart attack can also occur in MVP.
  • Anxiety and panic attacks: MVP can sometimes cause anxiety or panic-like symptoms, such as a feeling of impending doom or a racing heart.
  • Arrhythmias: Irregular heart rhythms, such as atrial fibrillation, may occur in some individuals with MVP.

It’s important to note that not everyone with mitral valve prolapse experiences symptoms, and the severity and combination of symptoms can vary widely from person to person. Additionally, MVP can exist without causing any significant problems or symptoms at all. If you suspect you may have mitral valve prolapse or are experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s important to consult a healthcare professional for a thorough evaluation and appropriate management.

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