What are the Symptoms of Non Hodgkin’s Lymphoma?

What are the Symptoms of Non Hodgkin's Lymphoma?

Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) is a type of cancer that originates in the lymphatic system, which is a part of the body’s immune system. The symptoms of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma can vary depending on the type and stage of the cancer, but common symptoms may include:

  • Swollen Lymph Nodes: Painless, enlarged lymph nodes, often in the neck, armpits, or groin. These lymph nodes may feel firm or rubbery.
  • Fatigue: Persistent tiredness, weakness, or a lack of energy, even after adequate rest.
  • Unexplained Weight Loss: Significant and unintentional weight loss, often defined as losing more than 10% of body weight within six months to a year.
  • Fever and Night Sweats: Recurrent fevers, especially at night, often associated with drenching sweats.
  • Persistent Itching or Rash: Unexplained itching, sometimes accompanied by a skin rash, without an apparent cause.
  • Pain and Swelling in Abdomen: Pain, discomfort, or a feeling of fullness or swelling in the abdomen, often due to enlarged lymph nodes or an enlarged spleen or liver.
  • Difficulty Breathing or Chest Pain: Shortness of breath, chest pain, or coughing may occur if the lymphoma affects the chest or lungs.
  • Changes in Bowel Habits: Persistent abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, or other changes in bowel habits.
  • Frequent Infections: Recurring infections, including pneumonia, tonsillitis, or other respiratory or urinary tract infections.
  • Bone Pain or Nerve Symptoms: Pain or tenderness in bones or joints, or nerve-related symptoms like numbness, weakness, or tingling.
  • Neurological Symptoms: Headaches, changes in vision, seizures, or problems with memory or concentration may occur if the lymphoma affects the central nervous system.
  • Skin Lesions or Bumps: Raised or discolored skin lesions or lumps, especially if they appear in various parts of the body.

It’s essential to consult a healthcare professional if you experience persistent or unexplained symptoms, especially those associated with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Early detection and appropriate medical evaluation are crucial for an accurate diagnosis and timely treatment. Keep in mind that symptoms can vary, and not everyone will experience all of these symptoms.

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