What are the Symptoms of Rectal Prolapse?

What are the Symptoms of Rectal Prolapse?

Rectal prolapse occurs when the rectum, which is the lower part of the large intestine, protrudes outside the anus. The symptoms of rectal prolapse can vary depending on the severity and duration of the condition. Common symptoms may include:

  • Protrusion of Rectal Tissue: The most prominent symptom is the noticeable protrusion of the rectal tissue through the anus. Initially, it may happen during bowel movements and retract back spontaneously. In advanced cases, the rectal tissue may protrude even without a bowel movement and may need to be manually pushed back in.
  • Feeling a Bulge or Lump: Sensation of a bulge, lump, or mass outside the anus.
  • Pain and Discomfort: Discomfort, pain, or aching in the anal or rectal area.
  • Difficulty Controlling Bowel Movements: Incontinence or difficulty controlling bowel movements due to the protruding rectal tissue.
  • Bleeding and Mucus Discharge: Rectal bleeding during or after bowel movements and mucus discharge from the rectum.
  • Constipation or Straining: Difficulty passing stool and a feeling of incomplete bowel movements, often leading to straining.
  • Fecal Soiling: Accidental leakage of stool (fecal incontinence), particularly when the rectal tissue is prolapsed.
  • Anal Itching or Irritation: Persistent itching, irritation, or redness in the anal area.

It’s crucial to seek medical attention if you suspect a rectal prolapse. The condition requires evaluation by a healthcare professional, often a gastroenterologist or colorectal surgeon, who can determine the appropriate treatment based on the severity of the prolapse. Treatment options may include lifestyle changes, pelvic floor exercises, dietary adjustments, or in severe cases, surgical intervention to repair the prolapse.

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