What Are The Symptoms of Typhoid?

Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. It can lead to a range of symptoms that typically develop one to three weeks after exposure to the bacteria. Common symptoms of typhoid fever include:

  • Fever: A sustained high fever, often reaching temperatures of 103-104°F (39-40°C), is a hallmark symptom of typhoid.
  • Weakness and Fatigue: Typhoid can cause extreme weakness and fatigue, making it difficult to carry out daily activities.
  • Headache: Many people with typhoid fever experience severe headaches.
  • Stomach Pain: Abdominal pain and discomfort are common, and it can sometimes be quite severe.
  • Loss of Appetite: A significant decrease in appetite is typical in typhoid fever.
  • Constipation or Diarrhea: Some individuals with typhoid experience constipation, while others develop diarrhea. In some cases, this can alternate between constipation and diarrhea.
  • Rose Spots: In some cases, a rash of flat, rose-colored spots may appear on the trunk.
  • Cough: A persistent cough can occur in some cases.
  • Enlarged Spleen and Liver: The spleen and liver may become enlarged in typhoid fever.
  • Delirium: In severe cases, individuals may experience confusion or delirium.

It’s important to note that typhoid symptoms can vary in severity, and some individuals may have mild symptoms or be carriers of the bacteria without displaying significant symptoms. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms consistent with typhoid fever, it is crucial to seek medical attention promptly. Typhoid fever is a serious illness and can be life-threatening if left untreated. Treatment typically involves antibiotics, and vaccines are available for prevention.