What Can be the Cause of Leg Swelling?

Leg Swelling

Leg swelling, also known as peripheral edema, can have various causes. It’s essential to note that leg swelling can be a symptom of an underlying medical condition, and it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and diagnosis. Some common causes of leg swelling include:

  1. Venous insufficiency: This occurs when the veins in the legs have difficulty returning blood to the heart, leading to fluid accumulation and swelling.
  2. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT): A blood clot in a deep vein, usually in the legs, can cause swelling and pain.
  3. Heart failure: When the heart is unable to pump blood efficiently, fluid can accumulate in the legs and cause swelling.
  4. Kidney disease: Impaired kidney function can result in fluid retention, leading to swelling in various parts of the body, including the legs.
  5. Liver disease: Conditions such as cirrhosis can cause fluid buildup in the abdomen, which may lead to swelling in the legs (edema).
  6. Lymphedema: A condition where the lymphatic system is impaired, causing fluid retention and swelling, often in one or both legs.
  7. Infections or inflammation: Infections or inflammatory conditions affecting the legs can lead to localized swelling.
  8. Medication side effects: Certain medications, such as calcium channel blockers, steroids, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), can cause leg swelling as a side effect.
  9. Pregnancy: Swelling of the legs is common during pregnancy due to hormonal changes and increased pressure on blood vessels.
  10. Trauma or injury: Injuries, such as fractures or sprains, can cause localized swelling in the affected leg.
  11. Obesity: Excess weight can contribute to venous insufficiency and increase the risk of leg swelling.

It’s crucial to seek medical attention if you experience persistent or severe leg swelling, especially if it is associated with other symptoms such as chest pain, difficulty breathing, or changes in urine output. A healthcare professional can perform a thorough examination, order relevant tests, and determine the appropriate treatment based on the underlying cause.

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