What Causes Cracked Heels?

Causes of Cracked Heels

Cracked heels, also known as heel fissures, can have several causes. Some common factors contributing to cracked heels include:

  1. Dry skin: Dry skin lacks moisture and can become thick and rough, increasing the likelihood of developing cracked heels.
  2. Insufficient moisturization: Inadequate moisturizing of the feet can lead to dryness and make the skin prone to cracking.
  3. Prolonged standing or walking: Continuous pressure on the feet can cause the skin to crack, especially if the skin is dry or callused.
  4. Obesity: Excess body weight can put additional pressure on the feet, increasing the risk of developing cracked heels.
  5. Open-back shoes or sandals: Wearing open-back footwear can cause the fat pad on the heels to expand sideways, leading to cracks in the skin.
  6. Aging: As people age, their skin tends to lose moisture and elasticity, making them more susceptible to dryness and cracking.
  7. Climate and environmental factors: Dry and arid climates, low humidity, and exposure to harsh weather conditions can contribute to dry skin and cracked heels.
  8. Certain medical conditions: Underlying medical conditions like diabetes, hypothyroidism, psoriasis, eczema, and fungal infections can affect skin health and increase the likelihood of developing cracked heels.

To prevent and manage cracked heels, it is recommended to:

  • Keep the feet clean and moisturized regularly, especially the heels.
  • Use a pumice stone or foot file to gently remove thickened skin and calluses.
  • Wear comfortable, closed-back shoes that provide adequate support.
  • Use heel cups or cushioned insoles to reduce pressure on the heels.
  • Avoid prolonged standing or walking if possible.
  • Stay hydrated and maintain a balanced diet to support skin health.
  • Treat any underlying medical conditions or infections that may be contributing to cracked heels.

If you have severe or persistent cracks on your heels that are painful, bleed, or show signs of infection, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and treatment.

  • Recent Posts

  • Categories

  • Archives

  • Tags