What Causes Hair Fall in Teenage?

Hair fall or hair loss during the teenage years can be concerning, and several factors may contribute to it. Some common causes of hair fall in teenagers include:

  • Hormonal changes: Adolescence is a time of significant hormonal fluctuations, including an increase in androgens (male hormones) such as testosterone. Hormonal imbalances can affect hair growth cycles and contribute to hair loss.
  • Hereditary factors: If there is a family history of hair loss or male or female pattern baldness, teenagers may be genetically predisposed to hair loss, which can manifest during adolescence.
  • Stress and lifestyle factors: Stress, poor dietary habits, inadequate sleep, and an unhealthy lifestyle can all affect the overall health of the hair and may lead to hair fall. Chronic stress can cause a condition called telogen effluvium, in which hair follicles enter the resting phase prematurely, leading to increased hair shedding.
  • Nutritional deficiencies: Inadequate intake of essential nutrients, such as protein, iron, and certain vitamins and minerals, can affect hair health. A balanced diet with the necessary nutrients is essential for healthy hair growth.
  • Hairstyling practices: Excessive use of heat styling tools, tight hairstyles like braids and ponytails, and overuse of hair products can damage the hair shaft and contribute to hair fall.
  • Medical conditions: Some underlying medical conditions, such as thyroid disorders, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and autoimmune diseases, can cause hair loss in teenagers. If hair loss is accompanied by other symptoms, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and diagnosis.
  • Medications: Certain medications or medical treatments, such as chemotherapy, can cause temporary hair loss in teenagers.
  • Trichotillomania: This is a psychological condition in which individuals compulsively pull out their own hair. It can lead to hair loss in affected areas.
  • Infections of the scalp: Fungal infections, such as tinea capitis (ringworm), can cause hair loss and should be treated promptly.
  • Excessive hair washing: Frequent washing and harsh use of hair care products may lead to hair breakage and increased hair fall.

If a teenager is experiencing hair loss, it’s important to consult a healthcare professional, such as a dermatologist, for a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment. The underlying cause of hair loss should be identified, and treatment options can be discussed based on the specific situation. In many cases, addressing lifestyle factors, improving nutrition, and using hair care practices that minimize damage can help improve hair health and reduce hair fall.