What is the Mode of Nutrition Found in Fungi?


Fungi are heterotrophic organisms, which means they cannot produce their own food like plants do through photosynthesis. Instead, they obtain their nutrients from other living or dead organisms by secreting digestive enzymes into their surroundings and absorbing the nutrients from the digested material.

Fungi can be classified based on their modes of nutrition. The three main modes of nutrition found in fungi are:

  1. Saprotrophic nutrition: This is the most common mode of nutrition in fungi. Saprotrophic fungi obtain their nutrients from dead organic matter such as fallen leaves, wood, and animal carcasses.
  2. Parasitic nutrition: Some fungi are parasites, which means they obtain their nutrients from living organisms, often causing harm or disease to their host.
  3. Mutualistic nutrition: Certain fungi form mutualistic associations with other organisms, such as plants, algae, or insects. In these relationships, both the fungus and the other organism benefit from each other’s nutrients and/or services.

Overall, fungi have a diverse range of nutritional strategies, but they all rely on obtaining nutrients from other organisms.