What STI Can Cause Cervical Cancer?

Cervical Cancer

The primary sexually transmitted infection (STI) that can lead to cervical cancer is the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a group of viruses, and certain high-risk types, notably HPV types 16 and 18, are strongly associated with the development of cervical cancer.

Persistent infection with high-risk HPV types can lead to changes in cervical cells, increasing the risk of cervical precancerous lesions and, ultimately, cervical cancer if left untreated. However, it’s important to note that not all HPV infections lead to cervical cancer. In most cases, the immune system clears the virus without causing any harm.

Regular screening for HPV and cervical cancer, such as Pap smears and HPV testing, can help detect abnormalities early and prevent the progression to cervical cancer through appropriate medical interventions, including monitoring, treatment of precancerous lesions, and vaccination against HPV. Additionally, practicing safe sex and getting vaccinated against HPV can reduce the risk of HPV infection and subsequent cervical cancer.

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