Which Disease is Caused by the Deficiency of Vitamin C?

A deficiency of vitamin C can lead to a condition known as scurvy. Scurvy is a rare but serious disease that results from a severe lack of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) in the diet. Vitamin C is essential for the synthesis of collagen, a protein that helps form the connective tissues in the body, including skin, blood vessels, bones, and cartilage. When vitamin C is deficient, collagen production is impaired, leading to a range of symptoms and health problems.

Symptoms of scurvy can include:

  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Anemia (due to impaired iron absorption)
  • Swollen and bleeding gums
  • Easy bruising
  • Joint pain
  • Muscle pain
  • Skin problems, including petechiae (small red or purple spots) and corkscrew hairs
  • Slow wound healing
  • Dry, scaly skin
  • Tooth loss (as the gums weaken and teeth become loose)

Scurvy can become life-threatening if left untreated, but it is relatively rare in regions where people have access to a varied and balanced diet. Foods rich in vitamin C, such as citrus fruits (oranges, lemons, grapefruits), strawberries, kiwi, bell peppers, broccoli, and many others, can help prevent scurvy. In cases of severe deficiency or specific medical conditions, vitamin C supplements may be necessary under the guidance of a healthcare professional.