Lyme Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments and Prevention

Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi. It is transmitted by the bite of a vector, usually a deer tick, and can affect people in many ways. The most common symptom of Lyme disease is an expanding red rash at the site of a tick bite, which may look like a bull’s eye on skin.

Lyme disease is caused by a bacterial infection transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected tick. It has been found in many parts of North America and Europe. Symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, loss of coordination, and swollen lymph nodes. In rare cases it can also cause swelling at the heart.

It can be difficult to diagnose Lyme disease because the signs and symptoms are often similar to those of other diseases or disorders. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent more serious health problems.

This article will summarize some of the symptoms, causes, treatments and prevention for Lyme disease as well as provide an overview of the history of this condition.


Lyme disease is a communicable disease that is transmitted to humans through infected ticks. It can also be transmitted from mother to fetus during pregnancy. There are three stages of Lyme disease, the first stage being a localized infection, the second stage being either localized or disseminated, and the third stage being late or chronic Lyme disease.

The symptoms of Lyme disease can vary depending on which stage it’s in.

  • In the first stage, symptoms include:
    • Fever
    • Headache
    • Chills
    • Fatigue
  • In the second stage, symptoms include:
    • Neck pain and stiffness
    • Facial paralysis
    • Heart palpitations
    • Arthritis-like joint pain and muscle aches
  • In the third stage of Lyme disease, symptoms include:
    • Memory loss
    • Mood swings
    • Ringing in ears
    • Difficulty concentrating and depression

Symptoms of Lyme Disease in Children

Lyme disease is transmitted by ticks. It is a serious infection that can cause fever, headache, and fatigue.

The symptoms of Lyme disease in children are the same as adults with a few exceptions. The most common symptom is a rash that can appear on the child’s skin where the tick bit them. Other symptoms in children are:

  • Joint pain
  • Fatigue
  • A fever that does not go away with antibiotics
  • Headache

Post-Lyme Disease Syndrome

Post-Lyme disease syndrome is a condition that develops after Lyme disease. It can be difficult to diagnose and may be misdiagnosed as another condition, such as chronic fatigue syndrome or fibromyalgia.

The symptoms of post-Lyme disease syndrome are similar to those of Lyme disease, but tend to be less severe. They include:

  • Headaches
  • Joint pain
  • Muscle aches and pains
  • Fatigue
  • Sleep difficulties

A characteristic symptom is a feeling of being “wired” or phase-shifted. This feeling may be accompanied by muscular twitching or involuntary head nodding. These symptoms can be relieved with muscle relaxants such as diazepam or baclofen.

If left untreated Lyme disease can cause more serious complications such as arthritis or neurological problems such as meningitis or Bell’s Palsy (a form of facial paralysis).


Lyme disease is an infectious disease caused by a bacterium known as Borrelia burgdorferi. Lyme Disease can be caused by bacteria that are transmitted to humans through a tick bite, or it can be contracted through sexual contact with someone who has Lyme Disease.

There are three main ways that people can get Lyme disease:

1) From a tick bite

2) From contact with infected animal blood or tissues

3) From pregnant mothers to their unborn baby during pregnancy


Lyme disease is a bacterial infection caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. The disease is transmitted to humans by infected ticks and it can also be sexually transmitted.

There are three types of tests for Lyme disease: a blood test, an ELISA test, and a Western blot.

  • The blood test: It is done on the patient’s blood sample to detect antibodies against B. burgdorferi bacteria in their bloodstream.
  • The ELISA test: This test is more specific and sensitive than the blood test because it detects both IgM and IgG antibodies against B. burgdorferi in the patient’s serum or plasma sample.
  • The Western blot: It has been used for many years as the gold standard for detecting Lyme disease but it requires more sophisticated equipment so it is often not available in most laboratories.

The diagnosis of Lyme disease requires that all these three tests show evidence of antibodies to Bb and/or specific proteins from Bb.

It can lead to serious complications, such as arthritis and neurological disorders, if not treated.

Treatment and Prevention

The treatment of Lyme disease requires an antibiotic that is effective against the Borrelia burgdorferi bacterium, such as doxycycline. The tick needs to bite a person for at least 24 hours to transmit Lyme disease.

The treatment and prevention of Lyme disease is done through antibiotics, which are usually given intravenously. The treatment usually lasts for a month, but the duration can vary from person to person.

There are three ways to prevent Lyme disease:

  • Avoiding areas where ticks live is the best prevention. When you go camping, you can use insect repellent on exposed skin and clothes to prevent bites.
  • You can also protect your dog by putting a collar and leash on it when the two of you are in tick-infested environments.
  • Wearing long-sleeved shirts and pants when in areas where ticks are present will prevent bites.

Lyme disease can be prevented by taking certain precautions such as using insect repellant, wearing clothes that cover the entire body, using insect repellant on one’s pets and avoiding wooded areas where ticks are more likely to live.

Risk Factors for Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is a bacterial infection that can be transmitted to humans by infected ticks. The disease is named after the town of Lyme, Connecticut, where it was first identified in 1975.

The risk factors for Lyme disease are:

  • Exposure to high-risk areas
  • Outdoor activities such as camping and hiking in high-risk areas
  • Having a pet that spends time outdoors
  • Exposure to infected animals


Lyme disease is an infectious disease that is transmitted through the bites of certain ticks of the genus “Ixodes”.

Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne illness in North America. It’s possible to contract it by the bite of an infected black-legged tick although there are other contributing factors such as deers.

If you live or spend time in tick-prone areas, it’s important to take precautions in order to minimize your risk of getting Lyme disease. Ticks carry the disease and they thrive in grassy and wooded areas near me.