How to Get Rid of Acne Caused by Dandruff?

Acne caused by dandruff, often referred to as “pityrosporum folliculitis” or “fungal acne,” occurs when the yeast-like fungus Malassezia, which is responsible for dandruff, colonizes hair follicles and triggers inflammation. To address this type of acne, you can take several steps to manage both the dandruff and the associated skin issues. Here’s how to get rid of acne caused by dandruff:

  • Use an Anti-Dandruff Shampoo:
    • Choose an anti-dandruff shampoo that contains active ingredients like ketoconazole, selenium sulfide, zinc pyrithione, or coal tar. These ingredients can help control the growth of the dandruff-causing fungus.
  • Wash Your Hair Regularly:
    • Wash your hair and scalp regularly, at least two to three times a week, with the anti-dandruff shampoo. Be sure to follow the instructions on the product label.
  • Gently Exfoliate the Affected Area:
    • Use a mild exfoliating scrub or a washcloth to gently cleanse and exfoliate the areas affected by acne. Avoid scrubbing too vigorously, as this can irritate the skin and worsen the condition.
  • Avoid Oil-Based Hair Products:
    • Hair products like gels, serums, and oils can contribute to dandruff and acne. Opt for oil-free, non-comedogenic hair care products to reduce the risk of clogging pores.
  • Rinse Thoroughly:
    • Ensure you rinse your hair and scalp thoroughly when washing. Leftover shampoo or conditioner residue can exacerbate acne.
  • Be Cautious with Hair Conditioner:
    • If you use conditioner, apply it to the ends of your hair and avoid the scalp area to prevent clogging hair follicles.
  • Avoid Hot Water:
    • When showering, use lukewarm water instead of hot water, as hot water can dry out the skin and potentially worsen dandruff and acne.
  • Consider OTC Acne Treatments:
    • Over-the-counter acne treatments that contain ingredients like salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide can be applied to the affected skin areas to help manage acne.
  • Maintain Good Hygiene:
    • Regularly wash and change bed linens, pillowcases, and anything that comes into contact with your skin to reduce the spread of acne-causing bacteria and fungus.
  • Consult a Dermatologist:
    • If the dandruff and associated acne do not improve or worsen despite trying over-the-counter treatments, consult a dermatologist. They can provide more specialized recommendations and may prescribe topical or oral medications.

It’s important to be patient when treating acne caused by dandruff, as it may take some time for the condition to improve. Consistency in following a proper skincare and hair care routine is key to managing and eventually eliminating this type of acne.