What are the Symptoms of Pneumonia in Newborns?

What are the Symptoms of Pneumonia in Newborns?

Pneumonia in newborns is a serious respiratory infection that can lead to severe complications if not promptly diagnosed and treated. Symptoms of pneumonia in newborns may vary depending on the cause, the overall health of the newborn, and whether the infection is acquired during birth (congenital) or after birth (acquired). Common symptoms of pneumonia in newborns include:

  1. Difficulty Breathing:
    • Rapid or labored breathing, grunting, flaring of the nostrils, or retracting of the chest during breathing.
  2. Cyanosis:
    • Bluish or grayish discoloration of the lips, skin, or nail beds due to a lack of oxygen.
  3. Cough:
    • Persistent or severe coughing, often accompanied by phlegm or mucus.
  4. Fever:
    • Elevated body temperature, though newborns may not always show a fever.
  5. Poor Feeding:
    • Difficulty in feeding, reduced appetite, or refusing to eat.
  6. Lethargy:
    • Excessive sleepiness, unresponsiveness, or lack of interest in surroundings.
  7. Irritability or Restlessness:
    • Increased fussiness, agitation, or difficulty in soothing the baby.
  8. Grunting or Wheezing:
    • Grunting sounds or high-pitched wheezing during breathing.
  9. Nasal Flaring:
    • Widening of the nostrils during breathing.
  10. Abnormal Sounds:
    • Crackling or rattling sounds in the chest (rales) during breathing.
  11. Dehydration:
    • Signs of dehydration, such as a dry mouth, sunken fontanelle (soft spot on the baby’s head), decreased urination, or dark yellow urine.
  12. Hypothermia:
    • Low body temperature, especially in premature or low birth weight newborns.
  13. Gastrointestinal Symptoms:
    • Vomiting or diarrhea.
  14. Bulging Fontanelle:
    • A bulging fontanelle may indicate increased pressure inside the baby’s head, which can be a sign of a severe infection.

It’s important to seek immediate medical attention if you suspect your newborn has pneumonia or is showing any concerning symptoms. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to manage the infection and prevent complications. Newborns with suspected pneumonia often require hospitalization for close monitoring and appropriate care, including oxygen therapy and antibiotic treatment.

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