What are the Symptoms of Posterior Capsule Opacification?

What are the Symptoms of Posterior Capsule Opacification?

Posterior capsule opacification (PCO) is a common complication that can occur after cataract surgery. It happens when the back portion of the lens capsule, left intact during cataract surgery, becomes cloudy or thickened. The symptoms of PCO can include:

  • Blurred or Hazy Vision: Vision may become progressively blurred or hazy, affecting clarity and sharpness of vision.
  • Glare or Halos: Increased sensitivity to light, glare, or halos around lights, especially at night.
  • Difficulty Reading or Focusing: Challenges in reading small print or focusing on objects clearly, particularly at close distances.
  • Double Vision: Perception of double images or overlapping images of a single object.
  • Diminished Contrast Sensitivity: Difficulty distinguishing between objects and their background due to decreased contrast sensitivity.
  • Frequent Changes in Glasses Prescription: A need for frequent changes in glasses or contact lens prescriptions.
  • Decreased Color Perception: Changes in color perception, making colors appear less vibrant or dull.
  • Shadows or Ghost Images: Seeing faint shadows or ghost-like images of objects.
  • Discomfort or Eye Strain: Eye discomfort, fatigue, or strain while reading or performing visually demanding tasks.

It’s important to note that PCO symptoms can develop gradually over time and may not be immediately noticeable after cataract surgery. PCO can often be effectively treated with a simple and quick laser procedure called YAG laser capsulotomy. During this procedure, a laser is used to create an opening in the cloudy posterior capsule, allowing light to pass through and restore clear vision. If you suspect you may have PCO or are experiencing any changes in your vision following cataract surgery, it’s crucial to consult with your eye care professional for a thorough evaluation and appropriate management.

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